Karlovy Vary -- known as Carlsbad in German and named for the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bavaria, Charles IV, who founded the city -- is the largest spa town in the Czech Republic. Located in western Bohemia, this spa town is home to 13 large springs and over 300 smaller springs. The Teplá River, which runs through the town, is a warm-water river -- the name teplá even means `warm` in Czech. The town is also well-known for Becherovka bitter liqueur, thin Carlsbad dessert wafers, and the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, perhaps the most influential film festival in Central Europe.
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